Overall, if you attend regular dental appointments twice a year, your dentist will be able to advise you if your teeth need any additional care. This will help to avoid the possibility of developing sensitive teeth which are usually caused by something quite preventable. It’s not acceptable for you to ignore your teeth when they feel sensitive as you will be enduring unnecessary pain while your teeth won’t gain if you don’t make an appointment at your dentist to help identify and fix the problem.
How you will know if your teeth are too sensitive
If you have sensitive teeth when you sip a hot drink or eat something ice cold like ice cream you will feel a tinge of pain. It may not be so bad that you are holding your mouth in agony but it’s a warning sign to you that it’s time to find out what’s causing this to take place. When you floss and brush your teeth if you wince while engaged in this process it’s time to make an appointment with your dentist before it becomes any worse.
Possible causes of sensitive teeth are:
- cavity formation and early tooth decay;
- a fractured tooth or teeth;
- worn fillings which expose sensitive parts of your teeth;
- gum disease;
- worn down tooth enamel;
- exposed tooth root.
The above start to take place if damage has been done to the outer layer of your teeth and gums.If your teeth are totally healthy that means the enamel which is the hard protective layer covering your teeth is in good condition and no cavities are beginning to form exposing the inner more sensitive parts of your teeth. Additionally, below your gum line, there is another protective layer cementum that protects the tooth’s root. Under both the cementum and the enamel there is an inner layer called dentin.
What is the role of dentin?
Dentin isn’t quite as dense as cementum and enamel and it’s composed of tiny tubes. When the dentin has lost its protective coating of cementum or enamel these tiny tubes let the effects of both heat and cold from liquid or food as well as sticky and acidic substances gain access to the cells and nerves that are found inside the teeth causing a feeling of uncomfortable sensitivity. When gums recede the dentin can become exposed also causing uncomfortable sensitivity.
How to treat sensitive teeth
This is where your dentist fits into the picture. because he or she will decide after diagnosing the reason for the sensitivity what treatment options there are available in your situation.
- Desensitizing toothpaste is one possible solution as it contains products that are able to block the feeling of sensitivity that is being transmitted from the surface of the tooth to its nerve.
- Fluoride gel can be used by your dentist to strengthen your tooth enamel and reduce the sensitive feeling.
- Your dentist can also correct the problem by using a crown, dental bonding or an inlay in order to sort out any damage or decay which is causing this uncomfortable sensitivity.
- If necessary a gum graft could be installed if you have lost so much gum tissue that the root is too sensitive and needs an extra protective layer.
- The final resort if nothing else would work your dentist may suggest a root canal.
Preventing sensitive teeth
Proper brushing and flossing and regular twice annual dental visits go a long way towards avoiding painful sensitive teeth.